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江大20秋《大学英语(三)》第二次离线作业

时间:2020-12-28 23:00来源:本站作者:点击: 2086 次

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江南大学网络教育第二阶段练习

考试科目:《大学英语(三)》第 章至第 章(总分100分)                    
__________学习中心(教学点) 批次:              层次:                  
专业:                   学号:                身份证号:                 
姓名:                                                   得分:                  



一 完形填空 (共1题 ,总分值20分 )
1. Here are various ways to say things without actually using words. For example, if you want to __1__ a seat next to you at a sports event, you put a sweater or jacket across the seat. When you do this, your __2__ tells people that the seat is not __3__. Your sweater or jacket has marked the place as __4__ you for a while. The same message is given __5__ you spread a blanket on a beach. You are telling people which __6__ you are claiming. You are laying out a boundary (界限, 分界线) that marks a section of the sand as __7__. It includes not only the blanket area, but also a small area __8__ it.
   __9__ you happen to go to the park and occupy the middle of a bench, you are showing __10__ that you want the entire bench to yourself for a while. __11__ if you slide over to the side of the bench, you are letting people know that you are willing to __12__ the bench with others.
   All human beings need territories (领土), __13__ areas, of their own. All of us find ways to mark places as ours. Space says without __14__ what a person's territory is. Space also tells something about a person's __15__ towards others.
   Dr. Edward T. Hall was one of the first scientists to study how "space __16__". He believes that each human being, like other animals, has various zones __17__ to move about, or to stay. Dr. Hall __18__ that there is an invisible bubble around each person. This bubble defines each person's own private territory. It is the __19__ that people want to __20__ between themselves and other people or things. (20 分)
(1). (1 分)
A. find         B. reserve         C. assign         D. distribute
(2). (1 分)
A. action         B. act         C. behavior         D. performance
(3). (1 分)
A. sufficient         B. severe         C. available         D. steady
(4). (1 分)
A. fitting into         B. sending for         C. calling on         D. belonging to
(5). (1 分)
A. when         B. though         C. if         D. and
(6). (1 分)
A. property         B. destination         C. space         D. basis
(7). (1 分)
A. you         B. others         C. yourself         D. yours
(8). (1 分)
A. around         B. besides         C. behind         D. in
(9). (1 分)
A. After         B. If         C. Since         D. Although
(10). (1 分)
A. the other         B. those         C. others         D. them
(11). (1 分)
A. Thus         B. But         C. Therefore         D. Moreover
(12). (1 分)
A. share         B. tackle         C. loan         D. entertain
(13). (1 分)
A. and         B. also         C. but         D. or
(14). (1 分)
A. sound         B. words         C. sentences         D. meanings
(15). (1 分)
A. idea         B. view         C. attitude         D. image
(16). (1 分)
A. tells         B. says         C. speaks         D. conveys
(17). (1 分)
A. how         B. which         C. of which         D. in which
(18). (1 分)
A. estimates         B. claims         C. urges         D. inquires
(19). (1 分)
A. pace         B. proportion         C. rate         D. distance
(20). (1 分)
A. keep         B. get         C. take         D. make

二 阅读理解 (共3题 ,总分值30分 )
2. Normally a student must attend a certain number of courses in order to graduate, and each courses which he attends gives him a credit which he may count towards a degree.
       In many American universities the total work for a degree consists of thirty- six courses, each lasting for one semester. A typical course consists of three classes per week for fifteen weeks. While attending a university a student will probably attend four or five courses during each semester. Normally a student would expect to take four years attending two semesters each year. It is possible to spread the period of work for the degree course, though this is not in fact done as a regular practice.
      For every course that he follows a student is given a grade, which is recorded, and the record is available for the student to show to prospective employers. All this is imposes pressure from the strain of work, but in spite of this some students still find time for great activity in student affairs. Elections to positions in student organizations arouse much enthusiasm. The effective work of maintaining discipline is usually performed example by cheating, has to appear before a student court. With the enormous numbers of students, the operation of the system does involve a certain amount of activity. A student who has held one of these positions of authority is much respected and it will be of benefit to him or her in his or her career.   (10 分)
(1). Normally a student would at least attend _________________________ classes each week. (2 分)
A. 10         B. 12         C. 15         D. 20
(2). According to the first paragraph an American student is allowed ________________________. (2 分)
A. to live in a different university
B. to take a particular course in a different university
C. to live at home and drive to classes
D. to get two degrees from two different universities
(3). American university students are usually under pressure of work because________________________________ (2 分)
A. their academic performance will affect their future careers
B. they are heavily involved in student affairs
C. they have to observe university discipline
D. they want to run for positions of authority in student organizations.
(4). Some students are enthusiastic for positions in student organizations probably
because_________________ (2 分)
A. they hate the constant pressure and strain of their study
B. they will then be able to stay longer in the university.
C. such positions help them get better jobs
D. such positions are usually well paid.
(5). The student organization seem to be effective in __________________________. (2 分)
A. dealing with the academic affairs of the university
B. ensuring that the students observe university regulations
C. evaluating students, performance by bringing them before a court
D. keeping up the students, enthusiasm for social activities
3.     You have been badly injured in a car accident. It is necessary to give you a blood transfusion because you lost a great deal of blood in the accident. However, special care should be taken in selecting new blood for you. If the blood is too different from your own , the transfusion could kill you.
    There are four basic types of blood: A, B, AB, and O. A simple test can indicate a person’s blood type, which, like hair and height, is inherited from parents.
    Because of substances contained in each type, the four groups must be transfused carefully. Basically, A and B cannot be mixed. A and B cannot receive AB, but AB may receive A or B. O can give to any other group; hence it is often called the universal donor. For the opposite reason, AB is sometimes called the universal recipient. However, because so many reactions can occur in transfusions, patients usually receive only salt or plasmA.liquiD.until their blood can be matched as exactly as possible in the blood bank of a hospital. In his way, it is possible to avoid any bad reactions to the transfusion.
    There is a relationship between your blood type and your nationality. Among Europeans and people of European ancestry, about 42 percent have type A while 45 percent have type O. The rarest is type AB. Other races have different percentages. For example, some American Indian groups have nearly 100 percent type O.
(10 分) (1). A good title for this passage is_________________________ (2 分)
A. Getting Blood and Plasma         B. Special Blood Types
C. Human Blood Types         D. The Blood Bank of a Hospital
(2). The word “ hence” in line 8 means________________________ (2 分)
A. always         B. often         C. therefore         D. seldom
(3). In a blood transfusion, it is easiest to find the acceptable type of blood for a person with the blood type of _________________. (2 分)
A. A         B. B         C. AB         D. O
(4). The purpose of using salt and plasma before a blood transfusion is to allow time__________________. (2 分)
A. to test the reactions to the transfusion
B. for matching the blood to be transfused with the patient’s blood.
C. for the blood to be delivered from the blood bank  
D.  to select a new type of blood for the patient
(5). Most European have blood type________________________ (2 分)
A. A         B. B         C. O         D. A or O
4.     An old woman walked into a clothes shop. She asked the salesgirl to let her have a look at a new dress on display, but the girl stood still behind the counter, taking no notice of the request(要求). The old woman spoke to the girl again, raising her voice a bit, but still received no answer. The old woman looked at the girl and said to herself: "I am too old to see well, I can't even tell a plastic model from a real girl!"
     On hearing this the rude salesgirl shouted at the old woman, "What? Did you call me a plastic model?" The old woman was greatly surprised. "Oh, dear me." she said, "the model can speak! Then it must be a robot of a new type!"
(10 分) (1). The shop sells vegetables. (2 分)
A. T         B. F
(2). The old woman walked into the shop to buy a dress. (2 分)
A. T         B. F
(3). The salesgirl is kind to the customer. (2 分)
A. T         B. F
(4). The old woman asked the salesgirl for help twice. (2 分)
A. T         B. F
(5). From the passage, we know the salesgirl is a new robot. (2 分)
A. T         B. F

三 英译汉 (共1题 ,总分值15分 )
5. No one's suggesting that you say directly "I'm too busy" when your boss walks up and asks you to take on a new project. Instead, it's more helpful to point out to your manager exactly how heavy your current workload is. It's not as clear as just saying "Nope, sorry," but it gets the same message across: you have enough on your plate, and if you add something else, you'll need their help deciding what comes off. (15 分)



四 词汇与结构 (共10题 ,总分值20分 )
6. I disliked the __________________ criticism in his voice. (2 分)
A. devastated         B. remarked         C. implied         D. remarked
7. His new career as a writer is not successful and he has written only one novel __________________. (2 分)
A. so far         B. by far         C. in far         D. with far
8. Deaf people are sometimes treated as being mentally __________________. (2 分)
A. current         B. reluctant         C. deficient         D. invincible
9. Alcohol __________________ to 100,000 deaths a year in the US. (2 分)
A. accomplishes         B. sorts         C. contributes         D. alters
10. The ________________________ situation is very different to that in 2000. (2 分)
A. remark         B. fragment         C. current         D. negotiate
11. The ________________________ problem lies in their inability to distinguish between reality and fantasy. (2 分)
A. current         B. fundamental         C. infertile         D. unfold
12. She is one of the most ________________________ painters of our time. (2 分)
A. accomplished         B. fundamental         C. organized         D. disdained
13. If you want to be efficient, you need to __________________ your tasks. (2 分)
A. pile up         B. contribute         C. mirror         D. prioritize
14. Many students __________________ enormous satisfaction from the course. (2 分)
A. derived         B. distracted         C. implied         D. bred
15. Animal rights __________________ argue that zoos are really animal prisons and very often cruel. (2 分)
A. fragments         B. legislations         C. motivations         D. advocates

五 作文题 (共1题 ,总分值15分 )
16. Parents Are the Best Teachers
内容需包括以下方面:
1.你对“父母是最好的老师”的看法;
2.举例说明你的观点。 (15 分)




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